"(Reuters) - Tin is likely to return to the record high it hit in April later this year, after being the laggard in the London Metal Exchange, as an expected rise in demand from China’s manufacturing and electronics sectors combines with a tight supply outlook.
Analysts say China’s economy is set to grow and its demand for tin to increase as long as the global economy avoids a recession. That demand will also get a boost as China takes advantage of cheaper pricing in Europe to turn net importer following months of exporting large quantities of the metal.
Meanwhile, new tin mining projects are not seen taking off until at least 2013. Analysts say global consumption is set to outstrip supply later this year, leaving scope for tin prices to move higher.
"The supply outlook is very challenging. We think that the market is in a deficit this year and much of that deficit will play out in the second half," said Gayle Berry, an analyst at Barclays Capital."
"In Indonesia, the world’s top refined tin exporter and the second-largest producer after China, a government crackdown on illegal mining, tighter export rules and declining onshore reserves are seen hindering production."
# 217...Who & What Conditions Determine What Is A Rare Earth?
4-Terra has a totally different take on what constitutes a ‘Rare Earth’. The minerals making the list are all tied into the international finance system, where people are being commercially exploited as part of a ‘demand’ marketplace. The glamour of this mass valuation is at play here - it is purely a collective, conditioned, consumer interest. No consideration is given to the meaning assigned by one single individual. So why/how does one place on the planet reach out and touch so many individuals on the planet?
But, according to this, the ‘Rare Earths’ paradigm, a stone from the ruins of the Senate of Rome, Italy (received by me at a known date and time) has no meaning.
Consider this link that is creating a meaningful value for the soon to be unveiled Martin Luther King Memorial in DC (my research informs me that the major part the stone they are selling comes from China):
The global race to grab a share of rare earth metals in Central Asia has begun.Pepe Escobar Last Modified: 19 Aug 2011 10:31
"Asia is at the centre of an inevitable development of our digital world: the coming mineral wars.
The computer you are using to read this article is already involved in a global war.
Oil wars? Water wars? Sure - they will continue to define the geopolitics of the early 21st century. But in high-technology terms, nothing compares with the coming mineral wars. And the name of the game is rare earth.
Asia is the land of rare earth - the minerals that allowed the digital revolution to happen, and that are making green technology a reality. China controls no less than 95 per cent of the global production of rare earth.
The key player in this high-stakes game is Baotou Steel Rare Earth (Group) Hi-tech Co., from Inner Mongolia - the world’s largest producer of rare earth elements.
China has imposed export quotas on rare earth elements for three years - to boost its own high-tech industries. The Chinese master plan is to develop sophisticated smelting techniques for rare earth - instead of simply selling the raw product. When they get to that stage, Baotou Steel Rare Earth’s stocks in the Shanghai stock exchange will inevitably reach dizzying heights.
Greater China - including Taiwan - is the world’s top manufacturer and assembler of microchips, computers and network equipment, the soul of the internet.
So this whole process can be seen as yet another chapter in the Asian revitalisation of global capitalism - the most positive global development of the past three decades (and there have not been many).
Got niobium, will travel
China, Japan, South Korea, in addition to Germany, the US, Russia and France, all in the forefront of new technologies, are deeply involved in the mineral “Great Game”.
Most people in the world would make no connection between Samsung and the Salar de Uyuni - a spectacular salt desert in southern Bolivia. Yet Bolivia happens to hold enormous quantities of lithium.
No wonder when President Evo Morales visited Seoul, South Korea extended a luscious red carpet. After all, Samsung, Hyundai, LG and other South Korean industrial giants know that unlimited access to lithium is essential for controlling the global market of batteries for laptop computers, mobile phones and electric cars. Seoul is deep into a no-holds-barred investment strategy to guarantee its access to rare earth.
Virtually all US advanced electronics depends on rare earth. Late last year the US Energy Department listed the Top five “critical” rare metals for the production of clean energy; dysprosium, neodymium, terbium, europium and yttrium. They are all essential for the production of hybrid vehicles and optic fibers, for instance.
Up to 2025 the US will essentially depend on China to have access to these rare earth metals. So what to do? There are three possibilities; develop replacements, boost recycling or increase local production of rare earth - for instance by investing $500m in a giant mine in California.
From a Pentagon point of view, more critical are the rare earth metals on which the humongous US industrial-military complex depends for aviation engines and missiles. Once again, China is the only global supplier.
The European Commission (EC) has its own Top 14 mineral list - which includes cobalt (used in batteries for portable phones); palladium (for desalinisation); magnesium (used in refineries and steel mills); spath fluor (for the chemical industry); and niobium (of which 92 per cent of global production is concentrated in Brazil).”
"Prepared jointly by the U.S. Dept. of Commerce, NOAA, Space Weather Prediction Center and the U.S. Air Force. Updated 2011 Aug 10 2200 UTC
Joint USAF/NOAA Report of Solar and Geophysical Activity
SDF Number 222 Issued at 2200Z on 10 Aug 2011
IA. Analysis of Solar Active Regions and Activity from 09/2100Z
to 10/2100Z: Solar activity was low. Region 1263 (N17W93) produced
a C6 x-ray flare at 10/1044Z, the largest flare of the past 24
hours. The magnetic complexity and area of Region 1263 decreased
since yesterday and it ended the period as an Ekc type spot group
with beta-gamma characteristics. A Type II (659 km/s) radio
emission occurred at 10/1607Z and was coincident with material
movement and darkening on STEREO-B EUVI imagery in the northeast
quadrant of the solar disk."
"The next 11-year cycle of solar storms will most likely start next March and peak in late 2011 or mid-2012—up to a year later than expected—according to a forecast issued by theNOAA Space Environment Center in coordination with an international panel of solar experts. The NOAA Space Environment Center led the prediction panel and issued the forecast at its annual Space Weather Workshop in Boulder, Colo. NASA sponsored the panel.”
By IBTimes Staff Reporter | August 7, 2011 2:00 AM EDT
"The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), a scientific agency that monitors atmospheric and ocean conditions, has predicted a state of maximum solar activity that may strike Earth, causing total darkness this decade.
Forecasters and operators at the agency are keeping a close eye as the sun enters a phase of activity that may cause severe disruption of global power grids, airline communication, military satellites and even GPS applications on mobile phones and cars.
Besides this, US Federal Government studies revealed that this extreme solar activity and emissions may result in complete blackouts for years, in several areas of the US. Moreover, there may also be disruption of power supply for years together or even decades as geomagnetic currents attracted by the storm could debilitate the transformers.
The NOAA has mentioned that similar solar activity was also seen during the year 1859 when a geomagnetic storm triggered by the solar eruptions induced currents that surged through telegraph cables, the electrical systems of the time.”
# 210….”Also of course there were very rare stones that we found. The best example is charoite. Three of us discovered charoite together—two Irkutsk geologists and I. I was the chief of the geological party that conducted the geological shooting of the formation where we found the chariote. Some eroded deposits in this formation looked unusual to us, so we hit them with a hammer—a geologist is always with a hammer—and we gathered samples of stones that we then brought back to Yakutsk, and our colleague, Vera Parfentyevna Rogova, named this stone ‘charoite.’ Since then it has been determined that charoite is a previously unknown stone. Also, no other deposits of charoite have been found anywhere in the world….
…In Yakutia…there is a very beautiful river, the Chara. Charoite is named after it. The word means ‘a charm,’ or in plural, chary, it is sorcery, witchcraft.
Quotes from Geologist Anatoly Firsovich Petrov in Yakutsk, Siberia.
From Ian Frazier’s Travels In Siberia, page 293.
There is also this ‘documented’ source from my stone provider:
“It was described as a new mineral in 1978 [Rogova, V.P. , Rogov, Yu. G. et al..in Zapiski Vsesoyunogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 1978, 107,1, 94-100 in Russian] but was first mentioned in 1949 by V.G. Ditmar as “lilac cummingtonite”. In 1962, charoite was found in great quantity by Yu.G. Rogov who had mistaken it for canasite at first study. (Subsequent work by Ms. Rogova et al led to its description as a new mineral years later.) It has since been described from a number of areas in the Aldan Shield.”
“# 209….For, just as in the visible world of the vegetable and animal kingdoms, so also in the visionary world of the gods: there has been a history an evolution, a series of mutations, governed by laws.”—Joseph Campbell, 1960, quoted in Astrology, Psychology, & the Four Elements by Stephen Arroyo
“# 207….Anything which serves as a medium for the transmission of the archaeus, whether it be organic or inorganic, truly physical or partly spiritual, was termed a mumia.”—Quote from Paracelsus, from chapter~ Hermetic Pharmacology, Chemistry, and Therapeutics ~ in The Secret Teachings of All Ages, by Manly P. Hall, page 347
“# 204….I believe that the planets are part of the order of the cosmos primarily, and, as such, their patterns are enormously useful clues to the same order which exists everywhere. I believe that the role of the planets in maintaining or creating the order is minimal in comparison to their value as a map or blueprint of the order.”—Zipporah Dobyns (1971)